Sea turtles, animal group inhabiting the world's oceans for over 100 million of years, are one of the most threatened animals today.

From the seven species inhabiting the world' oceans today, only two nest in the Mediterranean: the loggerhead and the green turtle. The population of adult, sexually mature female green turtles in the Mediterranean is estimated between 500 and 1000 animals, while the population of mature female loggerheads is bigger, estimated between 5 to 6 thousand individuals. Today's sea turtles have developed from terrestrial ancestors and adapted to marine life with a hydrodynamic shell, flippers and salt glands.

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