FORT VERUDELLA



Located at an altitude of 31 meters, it was built and equipped in the period from 1881 to 1886 during the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. At the same time, the nearby "San Giovanni" battery was built, with which the Verudela fortress formed a unique defensive complex. Verudela Fortress is the culmination of the construction of a European fortress in the 19th century, and its historical value lies in the fact that it is an example of the adaptation of the older type of fortress to modern weapons (a revolving dome with two artillery barrels).


One commander, four officers and 112 to 126 soldiers were housed in the fortress. It was used exclusively for military purposes and after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy until the 1950s, when it became the property of the City of Pula. In April 2002, the Verudela Fortress Expert Commission declared it a cultural property, while in December 2008, based on the Law on the Protection and Preservation of Cultural Heritage, it was entered in the Register of Protected Cultural Property of the Republic of Croatia.


In order to recover sea turtles and display indigenous marine organisms, Aquarium Pula took over the Verudela Fortress in 2002 in a rather neglected and derelict condition.




Fort verudella kupola
utvrda verudela 2015




PULA DURING THE AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN MONARCHY


The beginnings of Pula date back to approximately 3000 years, but the real development began with the arrival of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy when Pula became the main naval base of the Austrian Navy. For seventy years, Pula was regulated through two phases of the city’s development. In the first phase (1856-1874); a port, a pier, an embankment and key housing for workers and soldiers were built and in the second phase (1874-1918), the construction of communal infrastructure, works on essential buildings and fortification rings (26 fortifications, 8 artillery battalion, 60 batteries, trenches and underground tunnels).



Fort verudella staro
Fort verudella staro